Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is sovereign unitary presidential national democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the subregion of West Africa.
Spanning a land mass of 238,837km 2 with a GDP of $46.6 billion (2017 estimate) and a population of 28.77 million (2017 estimate). Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the West, Burkina Faso in the North, Togo in the East and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the South. The word Ghana means ''Warrior King'' in the Soninke language.
Accra is the capital and most populous city of Ghana, with an estimate urban population of 2.277 million as of 2015. It is also the capital of Greater Accra Region and of the Accra Metropolis District. With which it is conterminous. Accra is furthermore the anchor of a larger metropolitan area, the Greater Accra Metropolitan Area (GAMA), which is inhabited by about 4 million people and the thirteenth-largest metropolitan area in Africa.
Ghana is Africa's second biggest gold producer and second-largest cocoa producer. It is also rich in diamond and oil. Trade is important to Ghana's economy; the value of exports and imports taken together is equal to 99% of Ghana's GDP. Ghana was ranked as Africa's most peaceful country by the Global Peace Index. The Ghana empire was built on trade in salt and gold, which is why British merchants later called it the Gold Coast.
Ghana has been described as an important development partner of China on the African continent. Madam Sun Baohong, Chinese Ambassador to Ghana said that last year, trade between Ghana and China reached $5.976 billion, making Ghana the seventh largest trading partner of China in Africa. China's imports from Ghana for the same year, was $1.305 billion, and export to Ghana, $4.671 billion, the Chinese ambassador said, adding that China's non-fiancial direct investment inflows into Ghana, also hit $2.511 billion.