Ghana is considered one of the more stable countries in West Africa since its transition to multi-party democracy in 1992. Formerly known as the Gold Coast, Ghana gained independence from Britain in 1957, becoming the first sub-Saharan nation to break the chains of colonialism.
It shares boundaries with Togo to the east, la Cote d’Ivoire to the west, Burkina Faso to the north and the Gulf of Guinea to the south. A country covering an area of 238,500km2, Ghana has an estimated population of 28,656,723, drawn from over 100 ethnic groups each with its own unique language. English, however, is the official language. Gold, cocoa and more recently oil form the cornerstone of Ghana’s economy and have helped fuel an economic boom.